Osteochondritis Dissecans

Elbow Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) is a condition that affects the elbow joint, specifically the end of the humerus (upper arm bone) and the adjacent cartilage. In OCD, a portion of the bone and the overlying cartilage may lose its blood supply, leading to softening and potential separation from the underlying bone.

The exact cause of OCD is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to repetitive stress or trauma to the elbow joint, especially in young athletes who engage in throwing sports or weight-bearing activities.

Symptoms of elbow OCD may include pain, swelling, and decreased range of motion in the affected elbow. In some cases, individuals may experience locking or catching sensations during movement.

Treatment for elbow OCD depends on the severity of the condition. Conservative treatment options may include rest, activity modification, physical therapy, and in some cases, immobilization of the elbow in a brace or cast. Surgery may be necessary for more severe cases, particularly if there is loose or unstable cartilage and bone fragments.

The specific surgical approach may vary but can include procedures such as fragment fixation, removal of loose bodies, or in some cases, microfracture or transplantation of cartilage and bone to promote healing and stability within the joint.

It’s important for individuals experiencing symptoms of elbow OCD to seek evaluation and guidance from a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for their particular situation.

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