Biceps Tendon Rupture Surgery

Biceps tendon repair is a surgical procedure performed to address a tear or rupture of the biceps tendon, particularly at its attachment site in the shoulder (proximal biceps tendon) or at the elbow (distal biceps tendon). The procedure aims to reattach the torn tendon back to its original insertion point, restoring stability and function to the affected joint.

Here’s an overview of what biceps tendon repair entails:

  1. Evaluation: Before the surgery, the orthopedic surgeon will assess the extent of the biceps tendon injury through a physical examination and imaging studies such as MRI to determine the location and severity of the tear.
  2. Anesthesia: The surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, and sometimes with the addition of regional anesthesia to minimize post-operative pain.
  3.  Incision: Depending on the location of the tendon tear and the specific surgical technique, the surgeon makes an incision at the appropriate site, which may be in the shoulder or the elbow region.
  4. Tendon Exposure: After making the incision, the surgeon carefully exposes the torn biceps tendon, freeing it from any scar tissue or adhesions.
  5. Tendon Preparation: If the tendon is torn, any frayed or damaged tissue may be trimmed to create a healthier tissue interface for reattachment.
  6. Tendon Reattachment: The surgeon then reattaches the biceps tendon to its original insertion point using sutures, anchors, or fixation devices, securing the tendon in place.
  7. Closure: Once the tendon is reattached, the incision is closed using sutures or staples, and a protective dressing is applied.


Recovery and Rehabilitation

After biceps tendon repair, a structured rehabilitation program is crucial to promote healing, restore range of motion, and regain strength in the affected arm. The specific rehabilitation protocol and timeline for returning to activities will depend on the individual’s overall health, the extent of the repair, and the specific surgical technique used.

 The recovery period typically involves a period of immobilization and protection of the repair followed by gradual progression through various rehabilitation phases, which may include passive range of motion exercises, strengthening activities, and functional task training.

It’s important for individuals undergoing biceps tendon repair to comply with the post-operative instructions provided by the surgeon and engage in regular follow-up visits to monitor progress, address concerns, and ensure optimal outcomes.

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